The Sanskrit word mudra is translated as ‘gesture’ or ‘attitude’. Mudras can be described as psychic, emotional, devotional and aesthetic gestures or attitudes. Yogis have experienced mudras as attitudes of energy flow, intended to link individual pranic force with universal or cosmic force.

Mudras are a combination of subtle physical movements which alter mood, attitude and perception, and which deepen awareness and concentration.

GYAN MUDRA : Touch your Index finger to the tip of your thumb. The palm should face the sky (upwards), keeping the remaining three fingers straight.

Benefits : It removes all the negative thoughts and makes you positive. This mudra develops your I.Q and sharpens the memory. It helps to keep irritation, anger and anxiety away.

VAYU MUDRA : Touch your Index finger to the root of your thumb and press it gently.

Benefits : It instantly relieves pain of the joints and paralytic attacks. This mudra also helps alleviate any sort of problems concerned with the air (Vayu-Tatva), as it controls all the Vayu-Tatva we have in the body.

Note : Not helpful for ear-ache and stomach-ache (colic). For ear-ache and stomach-ache, shunya mudra and apan mudra are recommended.

SHUNYA MUDRA : Touch the root of the Middle finger’s nail with the thumb and press it gently.

Benefits : It relieves ear-aches instantly. It is good for deafness if not by birth. It also helps in ear-discharge and other ear problems. Time to be spent – at least 40 minutes for chronic diseases.

PRITHVI MUDRA : Touch your Ring finger to the tip of your thumb

Benefits : It removes the deficiency of all the vitamins and nourishes the body. It also helps in developing positive thoughts, thus filling one with freshness and happiness.

: Touch your Little finger to the tip of your thumb.

Benefits : It controls the lack of the water element (Jal Tatva) in the body, as well as dryness and stiffness. It also gives a glow to the face.

: Touch the root of the Ring finger’s nail with the thumb.

Benefits : It is excellent to check obesity and heaviness of the body.

: Touch your last two fingers (Ring and Little finger) to the tip of your thumb.

Benefits : Practice of this mudra awakens the dormant prana shakti, vital energy, and distributes it throughout the body, increasing resistance, strength, health and confidence. It also instills an inner attitude of peace and equanimity. It helps solve many eye problems and works as a catalyst for other mudras when done after the mudra.

LING MUDRA : Inter-lock your fingers and straighten your right thumb as shown in the diagram. The thumb collects the FIRE element from nature, thereby increasing the heat in the body.

Benefits : Good for cough, cold and the abuses of winter, as it increases the heat in the body

APAN MUDRA : Touch your Middle two fingers (Middle and Ring finger) to the tip of your thumb.

Benefits : It controls your Apan Vayu thus regulating your excretory organs (Intestines, Urinary tract and Ovaries). Most gastric problems can also be cured.

SANJEVANI MUDRA : It is a combination of two mudras (Vayu Mudra and Apan Mudra). Bend your Index finger and touch at the root of your thumb (at the Venus mound). Then touch both the Middle fingers (Middle and Ring Finger) to the tip of your thumb.

Benefits : Good for heart ailments. Relieves Angina (chest pain) instantly.

How do these mudras work?

The hand mudras presented above are meditative mudras. They redirect the prana being emitted by the hands, back into the body.

Also each finger represents a Tatva (element). Thus the joining of different fingers regulates the energy of different Tatvas flowing in the body.

Thumb Agni Tatva (Fire element)
Index Finger Vayu Tatva (Air element)
Middle Finger Aakaash Tatva (Ether element)
Ring Finger Prithvi Tatva (Earth element)
Little Finger Jala Tatva (Water element)

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